Integrated Water Resources Modeling: Future Risks and Adaptation Strategies - a case study in the Andes of Peru

The project addresses several key scientific gaps related to the analysis of current and future water risks in data-scarce mountain regions. The research focuses on the highly glaciated Santa and Vilcanota river basins in Peru, extending from the Andes to dry coastal downstream areas where water risks are of highest relevance.

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Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction related to deglaciation in the Andes of Peru

High-mountain environments with snow and ice are particularly sensitive to climatic change. Rapid glacier retreat with formation of new lakes, degradation of permafrost with large destabilized mountain slopes and critical changes in hydrological regimes and water supply are key challenges for local high-mountain communities and adjacent lowland regions.

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Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme

Current scientific evidence suggests instability in the Himalayan ecosystem as result of climate change impacts and increased uncertainty. Vulnerability is also increased as a result of cascading effects of changes in composition and distribution of natural resources – water, forest and agro-biodiversity. In response, the Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme (IHCAP) is a project under Global Programme Climate Change (GPCC) of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).

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Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change

In response to the high vulnerability of Peru’s Andes region to climate change the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) in collaboration with the Peruvian Ministry of Environment has initiated a programme on climate change adaptation (PACC – Programa de Adaptación al Cambio Climático) in the Cusco and Apurimac regions of the Peruvian Andes.

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Promoting Sustainable Mountain Development for Global Change

Mountain regions are key contexts for sustainable global development because (1) mountains provide critical and indispensable goods and services to a significant proportion of humankind; and (2) mountains are among the most disadvantaged regions in a global perspective: they are among the regions with the highest poverty rates, and among those most vulnerable to global (climate) change and related risks.

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